By Michelle Pawlowicz, marketing specialist, McCrometer
A municipal drinking water distribution system, also known as a water supply system, is used to provide fresh drinking water to residential and commercial customers and facilities around the world. A distribution system for drinking water typically begins with: a) intake of raw surface water from a reservoir or lake or b) ground water intake from wells transferred to a water treatment plant. During the water treatment process, the water intake must flow through a series of processes that clarify, filter, and disinfect the water source transported to the distribution system and made available for storage and human consumption.
To provide clean and fresh drinking water suitable for human consumption, standard procedures in place regulate processes such as dosage of fluoridation, chlorination and regulatory methods for disinfection. These standard procedures are regulated in part by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Upon completion of the water treatment processes, the potable water suitable for drinking can begin the transportation process. The finished potable water will travel to multiple locations, including delivery to a residential sink faucet or shower head.